He 1940 he enlisted in the US Army, serving first in the Italian Campaign, Amphibious Force, and after WWII, trained as a helicopter pilot and then as the military adviser to the Virginia National Guard.
Colonel Barfoot was a highly decorated soldier, earning the Congressional Medal of Honor, a Silver Star, a Bronze Star and three Purple Hearts. He was decorated for picking his way through a minefield, capturing 17 enemy soldiers and destroying a tank.
Despite having a very admiral military career, he is most well known for his legal battle with his HOA, who tried to restrict him from flying an American Flag. He is quoted saying "In the time I have left I plan to continue to fly the American flag." He won.