He attended the Groton School before graduating from Yale in 1939. While he immediately began law school following graduation, when WWII erupted, he left school to join the U.S. Army and deploy to France, where he participated in the Battle of the Bulge and the Seige of Bastogne. He completed Yale Law school in 1946.
Lieutenant Colonel Resor devoted much of his career to financial and international law, making partner at Debevoise and Plimpton before being appointed by to the post of Secretary of the Army by President Lyndon B Johnson in 1965. He was responsible for initiating the internal investigation into the My Lai massacre.
After resigning in 1971, Lieutenant Colonel serves as the ambassador to the Mutal and Balanced Force Talks (MBFR) in Vienna, and as an undersecretary in the Department of Defence before leaving government service altogether in 1979 and returning to the law.
He also served as the Chairman of the Arms Control Association, where he protested the expansion of NATO under President Bill Clinton.
Lieutenant Colonel Stanley Rogers Resor died on April 17. 2012, and rests in Spring Grove Cemetery, in Cincinnati, Ohio.